Living close to a major roadway can increase a woman’s risk of cardiac failure, according to the American Heart Association Journal Circulation.
“It’s important for healthcare providers to recognize that environmental exposures may be under-appreciated risk factors for diseases such as sudden cardiac death and fatal coronary heart disease,” said Jaime E. Hart, Sc.D., study lead author and an instructor in medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts. “On a population level, living near a major roadway was as important a risk factor as smoking, diet or obesity.”
While researchers previously found a modest increase in coronary heart disease risk among people who live near major roadways, the new study may be the first to examine the impact of roadway proximity to the risk of sudden cardiac death.
Researchers note that roadway proximity could be a marker for exposure to air pollution.
The researchers studied data from 107,130 women (predominately white, average age 60) who were part of the Nurses’ Health Study from 1986-2012. Calculating residential distance to roadways and after adjusting for a large number of other factors including age, race, calendar time, cigarette smoking, physical activity and diet, researchers found:
· In 523 cases of sudden cardiac death, living within 50 meters (164 feet) of a major road increased the risk of sudden cardiac death by 38 percent, compared to living at least 500 meters (.3 miles) away.
· Each 100 meters (328 feet) closer to roadways was associated with a six percent increased risk for sudden cardiac death.
· In the 1,159 cases of fatal coronary heart disease, risk increased 24 percent.
The public’s exposure to major roadways is comparable to major sudden cardiac death risk factors, researchers said.
Researchers were not able to measure all possible risk factors associated with living near a major road. They also said more research is needed among men and women of different ages, races and income levels, as nearly all participants were middle-age to elderly, white and of middle- to upper-socioeconomic class.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimated that 35 million people in the United States lived within 300 meters (984 feet) of a major road in 2009, and a growing number lived in close proximity to major roads worldwide.
“Regardless of where you live, adopting heart-healthy habits, such as maintaining a healthy weight, being physically active, eating nutritious foods, quitting smoking and managing stress, can help decrease your risk of heart and blood vessel disease,” said Hart, instructor at the Harvard School of Public Health.
Sudden cardiac death claims nearly 350,000 lives each year. Life insurance will pay death benefits due to cardiac arrest. However, accidental death insurance only plays in the case of an accident.
So if an accident caused the cardiac arrest, then your accidental death insurance will pay out. You can add to your regular life insurance an accidental benefit in the form of a rider that will pay extra if you are killed in an accident.
Remember that life insurance will pay for all causes of death, with the possible exception of suicide in the first two years of the policy’s contestability period.
Accidental death insurance will often exclude high risk activities and can vary greatly from one policy to the next. So in most incidents you are better off putting this money towards a complete and financially strong life insurance policy.