Whether they work inside or outside the home, women contribute to their family’s economic well-being. Unfortunately, many of them undervalue their contributions and don’t consider what will happen to their survivors when they die.
According to the Insurance Information Institute, 43 percent of adult women have no life insurance. Even those that are insured have insufficient coverage, carrying roughly one-fourth of the amount that would likely be needed by their life insurance policies’ beneficiaries.Women who are a family’s primary breadwinner carry 31 percent less life insurance than their male counterparts, according to the I.I.I., even as a growing number of women earn as much, if not more, than their husbands.
In 2007, 25.9 percent of wives were earning more than their husbands in households where both spouses worked, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. That’s up from 17.8 percent two decades earlier.
“Ironically, 100 years ago women weren’t even able to buy life insurance,” said Loretta Worters, vice president of I.I.I. “Today, women can protect their finances, but they aren’t buying the coverage or, if they are, it isn’t enough.”
Many financial experts consider life insurance to be the cornerstone of sound financial planning. It can be an important tool in the following situations:
Replace Income for Dependents
If people depend on a woman’s income, life insurance can replace that income for them if they die. The most commonly recognized cases are parents with young children. However, this can also apply to couples in which the survivor would be financially stricken by the income lost through the death of a partner and to dependent adults, such as parents, siblings or adult children who continue to rely on her financially. Insurance to replace this lost income can be especially useful if government- or employer-sponsored benefits of a surviving spouse or domestic partner will be reduced after your death.
Pay Final Expenses
Life insurance can pay for funeral and burial costs, probate and other estate administration costs, debts and medical expenses not covered by health insurance.
Create an Inheritance for the Heirs
Even if a woman has no other assets to pass on to her heirs, she can create an inheritance by buying a life insurance policy and naming them as beneficiaries.
Pay Estate Taxes
Life insurance benefits can pay estate taxes so heirs will not have to liquidate other assets or take a smaller inheritance. Changes in the federal “death” tax rules will likely lessen the impact of this tax on some people, but some states are offsetting those federal decreases with increases in their state-level “death” taxes.
Make Significant Charitable Contributions
By making a charity the beneficiary of a life insurance policy, a woman can make a much larger contribution than if she donated the cash equivalent of the policy’s premiums.
Create a Source of Savings
Some types of life insurance create a cash value that, if not paid out as a death benefit, can be borrowed or withdrawn on the policyholder’s request. Since most people make paying their life insurance policy premiums a high priority, buying a cash-value type policy can create a kind of forced savings plan. Furthermore, the interest credited is tax deferred (and tax exempt if the money is paid as a death claim).
Replace Services of a Primary Caregiver
Managing the house, caring for the kids and in many cases caring for elderly parents, can be costly. A life insurance policy’s proceeds, if substantial enough, can continue to pay caregiver-related expenses for years.
The same concept applies to stay-at-home moms. While they aren’t bringing home a salary, they have tremendous economic value, which often goes unnoticed in terms of the support they give to their family.
“What would happen to the family if the Mom weren’t around? Who would manage the day to day housekeeping, the laundry, driving kids to and from their sports activities?” said Worters. “It would cost a small fortune to even try to replicate that care. A life insurance policy can help cover those expenses.”
Single women with no dependents may want to consider life insurance as well. Depending on the type of life insurance purchased, a policy can also be a forced savings vehicle.
Women are, as a group, living longer than ever before, and the need for sufficient retirement income is crucial. A cash value life insurance policy, for example, can help accumulate funds on a tax-advantaged basis to supplement other retirement income.